Children’s Exams

Children should receive an eye exam at 3 years of age, and just before they enter kindergarten or the first grade at about age 5 or 6.

It’s important to have them checked for “lazy eye,” as well as for risk factors including high refractive error or strabismus. Treatment of these conditions before the child enters school is easier on everyone.

So what’s a parent to do? Keep a watchful eye, so to speak, on your child’s eyesight from infancy through adolescence. Eye exams for children in Alberta are covered by Alberta Health Care. 

You should bring your child in (regardless of age) for any of the following: 

  • Poor focus on objects
  • Eyes that are not straight
  • An eyelid that is droopy
  • A family history of serious eye problems
  • Watery eye with overflow tearing
  • Have a red eye with or without discharge
  • Squint their eyes to read or see small objects
  • Complain of blurred distant vision
  • Blink their eyes excessively
  • Complain of headaches or double vision

If the eyes are healthy, than schedule eye checkups every two years.  If their are eye problems than re-evaluations should occur each year or every six months.

  • Near vision
  • Distance vision
  • Eye teaming (binocularity) skills
  • Eye movement skills
  • Focusing skills
  • Peripheral awareness
  • Eye/hand coordination